Hot Forging Process And Main Advantages
When it comes to the production of machine wear parts, one of the crucial things to consider is the technology used. There are many technologies that are currently being used in the market but not all of the produce the best quality wear parts. Hot forging is one of the best technologies that have been used for a very long time.
Hot forging is widely used because of its incredible strength it adds to the tools. In fact, it is one of the machine tools production techniques that most of the factories are using. So what is hot forging? That is what we are going to lookout for as well as the main benefits that come with buying hot forged tools. However, these two techniques are entirely different but deliver the same results. But what are the main differences between the two? Well, we have broken down each of the techniques:
What is Hot Forging?
Hot forging is one of the popular machine tools production process in the industry. As the name suggests, the technique works with the use of heat. The heat is used to deform the work piece to attain the required features. So the process requires the work piece to be heated until it reaches the melting points where the work piece can be turned into shape and size that you wish. It is an old technique that has been used for centuries with the only change being the source of the heat.
However, there are many types of work pieces that you can work on, and that could make a difference, especially in the level of temperature. A good example is when you are heat forging steel. You will require different temperature settings compared to forging copper alloys. Check these standards that have been set:
- 360°C to 520°C for Al-Alloys
- 700°C to 800°C for Cu-alloys
- Up to 1150°C for steel
How Heat Forging Works
For the heat forging to work, the temperature of the work piece must be raised above the crystallization point. At such high temperatures, the metal is in its molten form where you can deform to any shape and the size. That is simply how machine tools are formed from the rudimentary pieces of metal.
Advantages Of Hot Forging
- Increased ductility of machine tools
- Excellent surface quality
- Cheap production cost
Limitations Of Hot Forging
- Less precision tolerance
- Varying grain structures